Is CBD Oil Legal In Michigan?
Is CBD legal in Michigan? Amazingly, Michigan is one of the few U.S. states that have directly addressed this question with CBD-specific legislation. In this article, we’ll take look at current Michigan CBD laws, plus we’ll also get into exactly what CBD oil is, the various types that are available, and what medical conditions it’s commonly used to treat. We’ll also talk about where you can purchase the various types of CBD oil in Michigan.
Michigan CBD Laws
Hemp CBD vs. Marijuana CBD
What Conditions Does CBD Help
Where to Buy CBD In MI
Two Kinds Of CBD Oil Are Legal In Michigan
There are actually two kinds of CBD oil in Michigan. Before Jan. 2019, both fell under the state’s marijuana laws. However, with recent changes to Federal laws and associated state legislation, they are now covered under different sets of rules.
The two varieties of CBD-rich cannabis oils that are legal in Michigan include oils made from marijuana and oils made from hemp. Both are types of cannabis plants. The term marijuana is used to refer to strains of cannabis which are high in THC. THC is the compound in marijuana that’s responsible for its euphoric effects. Hemp, on the other hand, contains very minuscule levels of THC, and wouldn’t get a fly high, as they say.
To complicate matters further, there are two types of hemp. There’s industrial hemp, which has been farmed for millennia for its nutritious seeds and strong fibers. And then there what is referred to as phytocannabinoid-rich hemp, or PCR hemp for short. Both types of hemp are generally restricted to producing levels of no more than 0.3% THC by the Federal government and most states.
There are distinct differences in the way PCR hemp and industrial hemp are cultivated, harvest, and processed. While industrial hemp has been cultivated for millennia, PCR hemp is a recently developed breed of cannabis.
Industrial hemp, on the one hand, grows very tall and spindly and produces very low levels of cannabinoids. PCR hemp, on the other hand, is not actually a strain of industrial hemp but rather a strain of marijuana which has had the THC bred out of it. It’s just called hemp because it’s essentially devoid of THC. In fact, PCR hemp looks like marijuana, smells like marijuana, and is grown in the same way as marijuana.
When cultivating PCR hemp, only female hemp plants are grown and no seeds are produced. The plants are grown in individual pots or plots, like marijuana and they grow fat and bushy, with big resinous buds. Industrial hemp plants are packed together in a field and growing tall and spindly — as high as 15 feet or more in some cases. To produce fiber, the hemp is harvested before it begins to flower and produce seeds, whereas PCR hemp is grown to maturity for maximum cannabinoid content.
So, getting back on point here, there are two types of CBD oil which are both produced in the same way using very similar plants except that hemp has no THC and marijuana does.
Now, this is important to understand because, up until recently, the Federal government lumped them both together under the category of marijuana which is considered a Class I controlled substance which makes it Federally illegal. At the end of 2018, the Federal government officially legalized hemp and divorced hemp from marijuana under Federal law putting the regulation of hemp and marijuana under completely different agencies.
Originally, Michigan lawmakers legalized hemp CBD oil by proclaiming that it would fall under the state’s marijuana laws. But it could only be purchased at licensed dispensaries. However, as of Jan. 1 2019, as in response to recently signed Federal legislation which legalized hemp, the state changed the law so that hemp CBD oil can be legally purchased by anyone and doesn’t need to be bought at a dispensary.
Marijuana, as of the time of writing, is still Schedule I and is regulated by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency. Hemp, on the other hand, now falls under the auspices of the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
As far as law enforcement in the state goes, however, authorities in Michigan seemed to have no interest in enforcing the old hemp CBD-related laws. Shops in Michigan had been selling hemp CBD oil, CBD tinctures and capsules, and CBD-infused edibles and topicals for quite some time without incident.
Even though CBD is now legal both federally and in the state of Michigan there’s still another hurdle. According to the Federal Food and Drug Administration, the adding of purified CBD to food and cosmetics is prohibited. But, once again this doesn’t stop shops in Michigan and around the country from selling these products. The FDA has, however, expressed its willingness to work toward determining if CBD can be granted what’s known as GRAS status. That means it’s generally regarded as safe for adding to foods by the FDA.
So, although you cannot yet walk into CVS or Walmart and buy CBD, there are plenty of local shops that sell CBD oil, edibles, topicals and the like. If the FDA does get around to approving the use of purified CBD in foods, it will put an end to the debate, and the larger, regional and nationwide retailers will be willing to start stocking hemp CBD products.
CBD Oil May Be Legal, But What Is It Good For?
The major property that both PCR hemp and marijuana share is that are bred to be high in cannabinoids. Cannabinoids are a family of compounds produced in the plants sticky, smelly buds. There are technically two types of cannabinoids to consider. Endocannabinoids are those produced naturally by our own bodies. And phytocannabinoids are produced in plants such as hemp. Many phytocannabinoids have the ability to mimic the effects of our own endocannabinoids, which we’ll get into a moment.
While it’s the cannabinoids in the flowers that make them sticky, it’s another family of compounds known as terpenes that makes them smelly. Both types of oils are active compounds which have effects on the human body.
Cannabinoids are measured in percentage of weight. Marijuana and PCR hemp buds produce anywhere from roughly 5% to 25% cannabinoids. Terpenes are found in much smaller concentrations but are much more volatile and far more powerful. In fact, terpenes are measured in parts per million rather than percent of weight.
Scores of cannabinoid molecules are produced by cannabis. The most abundant are the two we’ve discussed so far — CBD and THC. But there are many others, and each has its own set of effects on the human body. These are produced in much smaller amounts.
Their effects of cannabinoids are the result of their interaction with receptors on the surface of cells throughout the body known fittingly as cannabinoid receptors.
Terpenes are the compounds that give cannabis buds their strong, distinct odors and flavors. When isolated, terpenes each have their own distinct and recognizable scent. For example, a terpene called limonene smells like citrus. Another called pinene smells like pine. Some smell like flowers, some smell like spices, and so on. It’s the various combinations of these terpenes that give plants their scents.
Terpenes evolved in plants for two reasons — to deter pests and to attract pollinators and fertilizers. In order to be successful at their task, these molecules need to have very powerful effects on the physiology of animals of all kinds. In fact, terpenes have been used for centuries in a healing modality known as aromatherapy. For example, citrus is known to improve mood, pine is known to improve attention, lavender is used to reduce stress, and so on.
Cannabinoids can be thought of as signaling molecules or, more technically, neurotransmitters. The brain produces these molecules in order to control bodily functions on a cellular basis. Some of the systems controlled by the endocannabinoid system include specific areas of the brain, the nervous system, immune system response, allergic response, inflammatory and pain response, cardiovascular function, kidney and liver function, sleep cycles, moods and emotions, and much more.
It’s this combination of various levels of cannabinoids and terpenes in each strain of cannabis that make it particularly good for treating a particular condition. For example, a strain which produces higher levels of limonene and pinene is good for improving mood and focus, while a strain with higher levels of a terpene called myrcene is better for helping people relax and sleep.
So, the various terpenes and cannabinoids work together to produce a certain set of effects. This is known as the entourage effect. An entourage is a team of people that travel and work together. Just like cannabinoids and terpenes, generally, they produce better results as a team than they can individually.
Some of the medical conditions which are commonly treated with CBD oil include the following:
- Autoimmune Conditions
- Chronic Pain
- Crohn’s Disease
- Insomnia – Sleep Disorders
- Multiple Sclerosis
And the list goes on. In fact, scientific studies have been and are now being conducted to determine CBD’s effects on more than 50 medical conditions ranging from zits to heart disease, and even cancer.
Additionally, scientific studies strongly suggest that CBD oil provides the following benefits:
Both Kinds Of CBD Oil Are Legal In Michigan, Which Is Better?
So, in Michigan, you have your choice of marijuana-derived oils which can be high in CBD but must be purchased from a marijuana shop, and hemp-derived CBD which you can find at your corner vape shop or health food boutique. Which one is right for you?
There have been studies which highly suggest that having a full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes — including THC — can produce stronger effects than THC-free products. However, many people have very good results using hemp CBD. In fact, the FDA recently approved a drug for the treatment of epilepsy which is, essentially, pure CBD.
The import thing to remember here is that everyone’s endocannabinoid system is different. Each person may express more or fewer cannabinoids and receptors of various kinds, so cannabis oils will have different effects on different individuals. You have to do your homework, talk to your budtender, and do some experimenting of your own to determine which strain is going to provide more relief.
But before you go out and compare the two you have to keep in mind that using marijuana-derived products that contain THC have two very big drawbacks. The first is that THC gets you high. You might not want to be high every day. The second is that products higher in THC are more likely to cause you to fail a drug test or sobriety test and could result in losing a job or having your license revoked and paying huge fines. If these are concerns for you, then stick with hemp CBD oil.
Furthermore, it’s important to note that pets can benefit from CBD oil too, but they should not be using CBD products made for humans. Also, they should never be given products containing THC as their endocannabinoid systems are much more sensitive. Many companies produce hemp CBD oil products formulated specifically for pets.
Where To Legally Purchase CBD Oil In Michigan
There are lots of vape/smoke shops in the state of Michigan sell hemp CBD oil, CBD edibles, capsules, tinctures, and ointments. Finding a marijuana dispensary can be a little more difficult due to the fact that some municipalities have banned the sales of marijuana. Shops of both types are especially prevalent in the larger cities in the state such as Detroit, Grand Rapids, Warren, Sterling Heights, Ann Arbor, Flint, and Dearborn.
Hemp CBD oil can also be purchased online and delivered to your doorstep, saving you the trip, giving you more choice, and probably at a better price.
Lastly, there is technically no minimum age to purchase hemp CBD oil, but keep in mind that some local shops and most websites, as a policy, do not sell CBD products to anyone under the age of 18. In order to purchase marijuana-derived oils, you’ll need to be 21 or older.
Where to Buy CBD Online
Another way to get your hands on some hemp-derived CBD products is to purchase them online. It’s fast. It’s easy. And you can have them delivered right to your doorstep, saving yourself a trip.
And for those with furry friends, many local and online shops are now selling CBD oil products formulated especially for dogs and cats and other pets.
CBD for Pets Online
- Michigan Licensing and Regulatory Affairs (LARA)
- Michigan.gov: Adult Use Marijuana
- Freep.com: Michigan law: Medical marijuana cards not required for CBD oil
- Freep.com: Marijuana will be legal in Michigan on Dec. 6: What to know
- Mlive.com: Michigan officials grapple with CBD oil regulation
- Woodtv.com: Law: CBD oil regulated as hemp, not marijuana
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